The 2015-17 apparition of Mars has effectively ended as it heads toward its 2017 JUL 26 conjunction behind the Sun. Its next opposition relative to the Sun will be nearly perihelic and occur on 2018 JUL 26 followed by greatest brilliance at magnitude -2.8 on 2018 JUL 28.
NOTE: Event dates in this article are for North American Central Time.
* A meridian transit occurs when a celestial body crosses an observer’s local north-south line in the sky. That is practically simultaneous with culmination, i.e. the highest altitude for the day. The Mars meridian transit times in the above linked graph can be easily transformed for your location. The given times are nearly the same for the central meridians of all time zones, i.e. those evenly divisible by 15° such as 75°, 90°, 105° or 120°. Do not adjust to UT. Simply add to the chart time 4 minutes for each degree west of a central meridian, or subtract 4 minutes for each degree to the east. If on daylight savings time, add an hour.